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Aromaterapia a chémia esenciálnych olejov - Éterické oleje Aromaterapia a ch\u00e9mia esenci\u00e1lnych olejov","datePublished":"2012-12-20T14:55:02+00:00","dateModified":"2016-04-15T11:58:07+00:00","commentCount":0,"mainEntityOfPage":"https://www.eterickeoleje.sk/aromatherapy-and-the-chemistry-of-essential-oils/#webpage","keywords":"aromaterapia","articleSection":"Sprievodca pou\u017eit\u00edm esenci\u00e1ln\u00fdch olejov"},{"@type":"Person","@id":"https://www.eterickeoleje.sk/author/valnicek/#author","name":"Martina Valn\u00ed\u010dkov\u00e1","image":{"@type":"ImageObject","@id":"https://www.eterickeoleje.sk/#personlogo","url":"https://www.eterickeoleje.sk/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/FotkapreCasopis.jpg","caption":"Martina Valn\u00ed\u010dkov\u00e1"},"description":"Som matka piatich det\u00ed, riadite\u013eka divokej dom\u00e1cnosti s de\u0165mi, dvomi psami, \u0161kre\u010dkom, desiatimi sliepkami (tie neb\u00fdvaj\u00fa priamo v dom\u00e1cnosti) a so zlat\u00fdm man\u017eelom, ktor\u00fd ma podporuje v mojich \u00faletoch nad oblaky a odv\u00e1\u017enych snoch. Esenci\u00e1lne oleje sa stali mojou srdcovou z\u00e1le\u017eitos\u0165ou na prv\u00e9 ovo\u0148anie (ja tomu hovor\u00edm fetnutie), preto\u017ee som ve\u013emi r\u00fdchlo pochopila, ak\u00fd obrovsk\u00fd lie\u010div\u00fd potenci\u00e1l tieto dary pr\u00edrody v sebe skr\u00fdvaj\u00fa.\r\n\r\nSom \u0161\u0165astn\u00e1, \u017ee m\u00e1m mo\u017enos\u0165 u\u010di\u0165 sa ako zobra\u0165 starostlivos\u0165 o zdravie svojich najdrah\u0161\u00edch do vlastn\u00fdch r\u00fak, namiesto spoliehania sa na pomoc zdravotn\u00edckeho syst\u00e9mu a farmaceutick\u00fdch firiem (aj ke\u010f oce\u0148ujem ich rady a v niektor\u00fdch pr\u00edpadoch tam rada z\u00e1jdem). P\u00e1\u010di sa mi, \u017ee m\u00f4\u017eem vyu\u017e\u00edva\u0165 m\u00fadros\u0165 na\u0161ich star\u00fdch m\u00e1m a ve\u013emi ma upokojuje poznanie, \u017ee nie sme odk\u00e1zan\u00ed na pomoc syntetick\u00fdch lie\u010d\u00edv, ale \u017ee v pr\u00edrode je v\u0161etko, \u010do potrebujeme pre zdravie.","sameAs":["https://www.facebook.com/martina.valnickova.9","https://twitter.com/https://twitter.com/EsencialneOleje"]}]}

Aromaterapia a chémia esenciálnych olejov

Aromaterapia a chémia esenciálnych olejov

Silný potenciál aromatických molekúl na vaše zdravie

The eugenol molecule found in
clove oil.

Už ste si niekedy doniesli domov olej z obchodu zo zdravým jedlom a nedšene ste očakávali úžasnú liečebnú skúsenosť, iba , eagerly anticipating a wonderful, healing experience, only to be disappointed?  Like, „What’s going on here?  I thought aromatherapy was supposed to be God’s gift to mankind, or something.“

If that’s your experience, you’re by no means alone.  But there’s a reason for this:

  • Effective aromatherapy begins with truly great oils.  If your oils are not CPTG®, certified-pure-therapeutic-grade(and if you got them at a health food store, I can pretty much guarantee you that they aren’t), you simply won’t see the results you’re hoping for.

And, while a CPTG®, certified-pure-therapeutic-grade essential oil will be noted for its fragrance and frequency, it’s the powerful potential of the oil’s aromatic molecules — its chemistry — that sets aromatherapy apart as a truly superior health-promoting practice.

Essential oil chemistry: A delicate mosaic of aromatic molecules

Essential oils are far from simple substances.  In fact, few people appreciate how chemically complex essential oils really are.

Every essential oil contains an amazing array — a delicate mosaic —of aromatic molecules.  They give the oil its powerful potential for healing.  They are also what gives it its distinctive fragrance.  And, while fragrance itself can have profound effects upon our emotions, these aromatic molecules, because of their chemical make-up, have many other effects, as well.

Essential oil chemistry and its therapeutic effects

As of 1995, chemists have identified more than 3,000 aromatic molecules.  Each of these has specific therapeutic activities upon the body.  However, the practice of aromatherapy isn’t as simple as applying an oil that contains a specific chemical constituent, in order to achieve a particular therapeutic effect.


Because the complexity of an essential oil, with the interplay of its many constituents, means that there is no straight line between the activity of one of its components and the effects of the complete oil.

Even a fairly simple essential oil may contain anywhere from 80 to 300 different chemical constituents.  An essential oil like lavender is far more complex.  Many of an oil’s constituents occur in very minute quantities; but all contribute important qualities to the oil, having a synergistic impact on its therapeutic effects.  (See the article, „The Scent of Grapefruit“ for an example of this.)

Many of these chemical compounds have been identified, and new ones are being discovered; but many remain unknown, and the relationships between them are not well understood.  However, these molecules can be grouped together into families, each with its own therapeutic properties.  Representative of this is the following chart.

Kľúčové chemické zložky esenciálnych olejov a ich účinky
Zložka Olej, ktorý ju obsahuje Účinok
Ketones Rozmarín Mucolytický
Aldehydes Lemongrass Calming (upokojujúci)
Esters Levandula Balancing
Alcohols Geranium Toning (tonizujúci)
Phenols Oregano Stimulant
Terpenes White Fir Stimulant

Different therapeutic actions of chemical constituents

Chemically, essential oils are very heterogeneous, giving the same oil many diverse effects within the body.  A single essential oil can play many different therapeutic roles.  This is very different than the effects of synthetic chemicals, which have only a single action.

The therapeutic action of essential oils preserves the body’s natural balance

Because of their chemical complexity, essential oils don’t disturb the body’s natural balance — or homeostasis.  If one constituent exerts too strong an effect in one direction, another constituent may block or counteract it.

For example: certain aromatic molecules in an oil may be very stimulating — both psychologically and physically.  But, the same essential oil may also contain constituents that are calming and sedating, helping to overcome anxiety or hyperactivity.

And, because the oils are natural substances, they tend to go only where they’re needed, and provide only the action needed to help restore the body’s natural balance.  The same oil may have significantly different effects on a person from one application to the next, depending on his/her need at that moment.  This quality of essential oils makes aromatherapy very safe and, incidentally, makes choosing the right oil less problematic.

This is in stark contrast to synthetic chemicals, which often interrupt the body’s homeostasis, forcing an action based upon the chemical’s make-up, not on what the body needs.

Another interesting point: While it’s possible to duplicate these chemical constituents in the laboratory and blend them together into a concoction that smells like an essential oil, scientists have yet to duplicate the therapeutic effects of a truly CPTG®, certified-pure-therapeutic-grade essential oil.

Essential oil chemistry and drug-resistant pathogens

The research of scientists like Dr. Jean C. Lapraz, Dr. Daniel Pénoël, M.D. and Pierre Franchomme has documented that the complex chemistry of essential oils takes on even greater significance as we’re faced with the life-threatening, drug-resistant viruses and bacteria coming on the scene year-by-year.  The chemical complexity of an essential oil, and the fact that each batch of a truly CPTG®, certified-pure-therapeutic-grade essential oil will vary somewhat from another, makes if difficult for microorganisms to mutate into a form that is resistant to essential oils.

In 1985, Dr. Jean C. Lapraz said that he couldn’t find any microbe that could live in the presence of the essential oils of cinnamon or oregano.  It’s also well documented that phenols found in oregano and thyme are highly anti-microbial.

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